Chlamydia: What Is It and When Should You Be Tested?
Different bacteria, parasites, and even viruses can be contracted through sexual contact. In fact, these pathogens inside your body can be linked to some common types of sexually transmitted diseases including chlamydia. For most cases, chlamydia is considered as one of the most reported sexually transmitted infection nowadays. It can cause serious health problems, affecting both men and women. That’s why getting tested for such kind of STD should always be of paramount importance. Considering the health risks brought about by chlamydia, getting to know it, in general, is especially important. Here’s what you need to know about chlamydia.
Chlamydia: What Is It All About?
Being one of the most spread types of sexually transmitted diseases, chlamydia is caused by Chlamydia trachomatis. It’s a bacterial STD which is usually acquired during anal, oral and even vaginal sex. For instance, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention shows that approximately 2.86 million of chlamydia cases are reported annually.
- More often, chlamydia infections are prevalent among young people. In some instances, chlamydia doesn’t show any signs or symptoms of the disease, which is why people having the asymptomatic condition don’t really realize they have it until they get themselves screened and tested.
- When signs are visible, they usually take place within 2 – 21 days after the so-called STD exposure. This is where the importance of getting tested for chlamydia is vital.
- Chlamydia is a severe sexually transmitted disease that regularly infects the cervix, urethra or rectum. However, it can also spread to the throat in the course of oral sex. Furthermore, the eyes can also affect especially when you’ve touched the infected area and then the eyes.
- There are also some instances where pregnant women with chlamydia can spread the infection to their babies during childbirth. When this happens, infants can be at risk for having infections such as blindness and pneumonia.
Chlamydia: When Should You Be Tested?
While symptoms of chlamydia are often asymptomatic, it doesn’t necessarily mean you’ll only take action when it’s already there. If you want to safeguard your overall health, be cautious about the symptoms of chlamydia. If you feel as though you’re suffering from any of these symptoms, don’t hesitate to have yourself tested so you’ll be able to get the right treatment for your chlamydia infection.
For men, here’s what you need to be wary of:
- Rectal pain or bleeding
- Swelling in one or both testicles
- Burning sensation during urination
- Penis discharge
For women, the symptoms that you should keep in mind include:
- Abnormal discharge from the vagina
- Itching sensation during urination
- Unusual pain during sexual intercourse
- Possible abdominal pain
- Bleeding during periods
- Rectal pain or bleeding
While chlamydia symptoms may be present or not, individuals infected with it should refrain from sexual activity along with drug prescriptions for quite some time to prevent it from getting worse. However, sexual abstinence and drug medications may not guarantee your recovery as you may be infected again even after being cured. That’s why it’s critical for partners to undergo confidential chlamydia testing from regular STD testing centers whom you can trust with your own situation. Should your test results become positive, be sure to get the right treatment immediately.
Angie is a health enthusiast who specializes in spreading STD education across the country and shares them to peers and readers that might be interested. She enjoys what she does and loves to travel to different areas. She loves to write for websites and is a family girl at heart.