Eiffel Tower of Paris :: Symbol of Love and Prosperity in France
Eiffel Tower is named after the engineer Gustave Eiffel, whose company designed and built the tower.
Built as the entrance to the 1889 World’s Fair, it was initially criticized by some of France’s leading artists and intellectuals for the design, but it is becoming a global cultural icon of France plus one of the most recognisable structures on the planet. The Eiffel Tower is the most-seen paid monument in the world; 6.91 million folks ascended it in 2015. It was the finalist in the list of 7 wonders of the world competition.
Structure of Eiffel Tower of Paris
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The tower is 324 metres (1,063 feet) tall, about the same height as an 81-storey building, and the tallest structure in Paris. Its foundation is square, measuring 125 metres (410 ft) on each side. During its construction, the Eiffel Tower surpassed the Washington Monument to get to be the tallest man made structure on earth, a title it held for 41 years until the Chrysler Building in New York City was completed in 1930. Because of the addition of a broadcasting aerial at the top of the tower in 1957, it is now taller than the Chrysler Building by 5.2 metres (17 ft). Excluding transmitters, the Eiffel Tower is the second-tallest structure in France after the Millau Viaduct.
The tower has three levels for visitors, with restaurants to the first and second levels. The top level’s upper platform is 276 m (906 ft) above the earth – the highest observation deck accessible to the public in the European Union. Tickets are available to ascend by stairs or lift (elevator) to the primary and second levels. The climb from ground level to the primary level is over 300 steps, as is the climb from the very first level to the next. Although there’s a staircase to the top level, it is normally accessible only by lift.
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History of Eiffel Tower in Paris
When Gustave Eiffel’s firm assembled Paris’ most recognizable monument for the 1889 World’s Fair, the enormous iron structure was involved by many with disbelief. The Eiffel Tower, which continues to serve an important part in television and radio broadcasts, is considered an architectural wonder, now and attracts more visitors than every other paid tourist attraction on earth.
List of Names of 72 Scientists Engraved on the Eiffel Tower
Eiffel picked this “invocation of science” due to his concern within the artists’ protest. They were reestablished in 1986–87 by the Société Nouvelle d’exploitation de la Tour Eiffel, a firm managing the tower, although in the beginning of the 20th century, the engravings were painted over. There were total of 72 names that were engraved and these are here in the image.
The complete list of 72 scientists is
- 1. Seguin (Mechanic)
- 2. Lalande (Astronomer)
- 3. Tresca (Engineer and Mechanic)
- 4. Poncelet (Geometer)
- 5. Bresse (Mathematician)
- 6. Lagrange (Geometer)
- 7. Belanger (Mathematician)
- 8. Cuvier (Naturalist)
- 9. Laplace (Astronomer and Mathematician)
- 10. Dulong (Physicist)
- 11. Chasles (Geometer)
- 12. Lavoisier (Chemist)
- 13. Ampere (Mathematician and Physicien)
- 14. Chevreul (Chemist)
- 15. Flachat (Engineer)
- 16. Navier (Mathematician)
- 17. Legendre (Geometer)
- 18. Chaptal (Agronomist and Chemist)
- 19. Jamin (Physicist)
- 20. Gay-Lussac (Chemist)
- 21. Fizeau (Physicist)
- 22. Schneider (Industrial)
- 23. Le Chatelier (Engineer)
- 24. Berthier (Mineralogist)
- 25. Barral (Agronomist, Chemist, Physicist)
- 26. De Dion (Engineer)
- 27. Goüin (Engineer et Industrial)
- 28. Jousselin (Engineer)
- 29. Broca (Surgeon)
- 30. Becquerel (Physicist)
- 31. Coriolis (Mathematician)
- 32. Cail (Industrial)
- 33. Triger (Engineer)
- 34. Giffard (Engineer)
- 35. Perrier (Geographer et Mathematician)
- 36. Sturm (Mathematician)
- 37. Cauchy (Mathematician)
- 38. Belgrand (Engineer)
- 39. Regnault (Chemist et Physicist)
- 40. Fresnel (Physicist)
- 41. De Prony (Engineer)
- 42. Vicat (Engineer)
- 43. Ebelmen (Chemist)
- 44. Coulomb (Physicist)
- 45. Poinsot (Mathematician)
- 46. Foucault (Physicist)
- 47. Delaunay (Astronomer)
- 48. Morin (Mathematician et Physicist)
- 49. Haüy (Mineralogist)
- 50. Combes (Engineer et Metallurgist)
- 51. Thénard (Chemist)
- 52. Arago (Astronomer et Physicist)
- 53. Poisson (Mathematician)
- 54. Monge (Geometer)
- 55. Petiet (Engineer)
- 56. Daguerre (Painter et Physicist)
- 57. Wurtz (Chemist)
- 58. Le Verrier (Astronomer)
- 59. Perdonnet (Engineer)
- 60. Delambre (Astronomer)
- 61. Malus (Physicist)
- 62. Breguet (Physicist et Manufacturer)
- 63. Polonceau (Engineer)
- 64. Dumas (Chemist)
- 65. Clapeyron (Engineer)
- 66. Borda (Mathematician)
- 67. Fourier (Mathematician)
- 68. Bichat (Anatomist et Physiologist)
- 69. Sauvage (Mechanic)
- 70. Pelouze (Chemist)
- 71. Carnot (Mathematician)
- 72. Lamé (Geometer)
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Designing and Assembling of Eiffel Tower of the Paris
In 1889, Paris hosted an Exposition Universelle (World’s Fair) to mark the 100-year anniversary of the French Revolution. Over 100 artists submitted competing strategies to get a monument to be constructed on the Champ-de-Mars, located in central Paris, and function as the exposition’s entrance. The commission was given to Eiffel et Compagnie, a construction and consulting firm owned by the acclaimed bridge metals, architect and builder expert Alexandre-Gustave Eiffel. While Eiffel himself often receives full credit it was simply one of his workers—a structural engineer named Maurice Koechlin—who came up with and fine-tuned the notion.
Eiffel allegedly rejected Koechlin’s first plan for the tower, instructing him to add more ornate flourishes. The last design called for more than 18,000 pieces of puddle iron, a type of wrought iron used in construction, and 2.5 million rivets. Initially, just the Eiffel Tower’s second-floor stage was open to the public; afterwards, all three levels, two of which feature restaurants, could be reachable by stairs or one of eight lifts.
Numerous visitors during and after the World’s Fair marveled at Paris’ just erected architectural wonder. The city ’s inhabitants not all were as enthusiastic, however: Many Parisians worried it was structurally unsound or considered it an eyesore. The novelist Guy de Maupassant, by way of example, purportedly hated the tower so much that he frequently ate lunch in the restaurant at its base, the single vantage point from which he could totally avert glimpsing its looming shape.
Originally intended as a short-term exhibit, the Eiffel Tower was almost torn down and scrapped in 1909. After understanding its value as a radiotelegraph station city officials preferred to save it. Several years later, the Eiffel Tower intercepted enemy radio communications, during World War I, relayed zeppelin alerts and was utilized to dispatch crisis troop supports. It escaped another time to destruction during World War II: Hitler ordered the demolition of the city’s most cherished symbol, but the order was never carried out. Also through the German occupation of Paris, French resistance fighters famously cut at the Eiffel Tower’s elevator cables so that the Nazis needed to climb the stairs.
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Over the years, the Eiffel Tower continues to be the site of numerous high profile stunts, ceremonial events and perhaps even scientific experiments. In 1911, for example, the German physicist Theodor Wulf used an electrometer to discover higher rates of radiation at its top than at its foundation, observing the results of what are now called cosmic rays. The Eiffel Tower has also inspired similar structures in various cities and more than 30 replicas all over the world.
Now one of the most recognizable structures on the planet, every seven years the Eiffel Tower got a major facelift and is repainted. Some 500 employees are accountable for its daily operations, directing the eager crowds flocking the tower’s platforms to love panoramic views of the City of Lights, manning its elevators, ensuring its security and working in its restaurants.
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The elevators in the west and east legs were replaced by lifts running as far as the second level assembled by the French business Fives Lille. These had a compensating mechanism to help keep the floor amount as the angle of ascent changed at the very first degree, and were driven by a similar hydraulic mechanism to the Otis lifts, although it was situated in the bottom of the tower. Hydraulic pressure was provided by pressurized accumulators located near this mechanism. At exactly the same time the elevator in the north column was removed and replaced by a stairs to the very first degree. The layout of both second and first levels was modified, with the space available for visitors on the second amount. The first elevator in the south pillar was removed 13 years later.
When originally built, the first degree included three eateries—one French, one Russian and one Flemish—and an “Anglo-American Bar”. After the exposition closed, the Flemish eatery was converted to a 250-seat theater. A promenade 2.6-metre (8 ft 6 in) wide ran around the outside of the first amount. In the most notable, there were laboratories for assorted experiments, plus a tiny flat earmarked for Gustave Eiffel to entertain guests, which has become open to the public, complete with period decorations and lifelike mannequins of Eiffel and some of his celebrated guests.
On the first amount, an apartment was made in May 2016 to accommodate four competition winners during the UEFA Euro 2016 football tournament in Paris. The apartment has two bedrooms a kitchen, a lounge, and views of Paris landmarks including the Arc de Triomphe, the Sacre Coeur, and also the Seine.
Tourism in Paris
More than 250 million people have visited with the tower because it was completed in 1889. In 2015, there were 6.91 million visitors. The tower is the most- seen paid monument on earth. A mean of 25,000 individuals ascend the tower Tickets can be purchased on the internet to avoid the long queues. Le 58 Tour Eiffel on the very first level, and Le Jules Verne, a gourmet restaurant using its elevator on the 2nd level. This restaurant has one star in the Michelin Red Guide. Additionally, there’s a champagne bar at the top of the Eiffel Tower.
This is a must visit destination once in a life time. Eiffel Tower of Paris is also considered as a symbol of love and is an ideal honeymoon destination.