Important setting for Chrome, Firefox & Safari security
A web browser is a common term today that is known to all; we refer it to “browser” usually! No, it is not an online application rather it is a software application for presenting, retrieving, traversing the information resources on the web. If you are getting confused with the information resource then don’t be – it is uniform resource identifier, called as URL. The browsers are chiefly intended to use the Web, as they can also be used to access the information provided by the website servers in respective private networks or files in the systems. The world is shrinking at a very high speed, and we are almost on the verge of the virtual reality where everything is virtual and accessible. The browsers play a critical role in the online world, as all the information is routed through world wide web only.
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Now as we are on the same pages on the importance of web browsers, let’s understand how a browser is crucial. Web browsers perform the same function as the print publishers. They confirm to and ensure that a website designed in any part of the world gives the same look the way its creators expect it should be. Remember the web browsers are not the same thing as the search engines. Most of the web browsers have the user interface elements in common like – a refresh and reload button, back and forward button, address bar to put the URI/URL, a search bar, ability to view the HTML source for a page and few more. Moreover, privacy and security play an important role for all the existing browsers. Previously, many browser platforms used HTTP feature but owing to the rapid technological advancements, and cyber attacks HTTPS secure is the new rule to keep you safe in the online web world.
Some most popular web browsers are Google Chrome, Microsoft Edge (preceded by Internet Explorer), Safari, Opera and Firefox. Let’s start how we can save ourselves from cyber attacks and online phishing by these simple but important browser settings.
Google Chrome is a freeware web browser that is developed by Google and first released in 2008. It was first issued for Microsoft Windows and later ported to Linux, MacOS, iOS and Android. Chrome browser is also the main element of Chrome OS, where it provides a platform for running the web apps. Going to a bit of history – Chrome browser was first openly released on September 2, 2008, for Windows XP and later, with 43 supported languages, officially a beta version and as a stable public release on December 11, 2008. For security, Chrome periodically retrieves updates of two blacklists (one for phishing and one for malware), and alert users when there is a probability of the site to be flagged or any potential harm.
What about the website security?
Google Chrome has security measures that make it secure for its users to browse safely on the web. To check and view the details of the SSL certificates and secure connections used on Chrome there are certain steps and processes to follow. Let’s check them:
- Click on the drop-down menu from the right side of the browser toolbar and select Settings.
- Now, select the show advanced settings at the bottom of the web page.
Once you are done with the settings now run a check on – Phishing and malware protection:
- Phishing and malware protection option is enabled by default in the Privacy section. When enabled, Google Chrome warns you whenever it detects any suspicious or phishing activity.
Coming to the most important security feature is checking SSL certificates information.
Before doing any transaction on the website especially ecommerce sites, make sure the website is using SSL certificate to encrypt their information.
Security Signs of Protected Website:
Google Chrome enable green padlock, “SECURE” word and https in the browser URL bar, it means all the data transfer between browser and website server are secured.
How to verify website SSL certificate details
First go to Open Developer Tools
Method #1: Click on mouse right option on any website page and click on inspect option
Method #2: You can use shortcut key F12 or Ctrl+Shift+I from keyboard to directly view Open Developer Option
Step #1: Once you land on open developer option, Click on security tab.
Step #2: Once you land in security tab you will find View certificate button. Just Click on that button.
Step #3: Now you will get the Website SSL Certificate details in a popup box.
Note: Here you can check the website SSL certificate related information such as Certificate Issuer, Certificate Validity, Certificate Type etc. Some websites prefer to use a different kind of SSL certificates to secure their domain. Such SSL certificate is known as EV (Extended Validation) SSL certificates, which require exhaustive verification of the business. Popular Certificates Authorities like Comodo, Symantec & Thawte actively issuing affordable EV SSL Certificate worldwide.
Last is the web content setting!
Finally, close the window when you are done!
Mozilla Firefox (or simply Firefox) is a free and open-source web browser that is developed by the Mozilla Foundation and its subsidiary the Mozilla Corporation. Firefox is available for Windows, MacOS, and Linux operating systems. It is available for Android where all of these versions use the Gecko layout engine to render the web pages. An additional version of Firefox for iOS was released in late 2015, but this version does not use Gecko due to Apple’s restrictions limiting the third-party web browsers to the WebKit-based layout engine built into iOS.
Initially, Firefox was created in 2002, under the name “Phoenix” by the Mozilla community members who wanted a standalone browser rather than the Mozilla Application Suite bundle. Firefox is considered as the spiritual successor of Netscape Navigator, as the Mozilla community was created by Netscape in 1998 before their acquisition by AOL.
Let’s turn to the important security settings in Firefox:
Be it any browser, security is a major concern, so as with Firefox. Often we do not think much about the security of the browser, but it is mandatory to choose security settings for your browser as well. While you make the security settings on Firefox, you can do it from the “Option Menu”.
Follow the Steps In Firefox –
Go to: Tools >> Options >> Privacy
These steps ensure that the Firefox is storing only as much of your information that is needed to function normally.
- Select “Use custom settings for history.”
- Deselect “Remember my browsing and download history.”
- Deselect “Remember search and form history.”
- Deselect “Accept third-party cookies.”
- Set cookie storage to “Keep until I close Firefox.”
- Select “Clear history when Firefox closes.”
Then, Configure security settings: Under the “Security” tab, choose the following settings. These steps will prevent Firefox from saving your passwords and keep you from visiting potentially harmful sites.
- Verify that “Warn me when sites try to install add-ons,” “Block reported attack sites,” and “Block reported web forgeries” are all selected.
- Deselect “Remember passwords for sites.”
- Enable Pop-up blocking
- Don’t sync
- Use secure protocols
- Turn on automatic updates
Apple’s Safari is fast, reliable, and superb looking browser! Safari is basically a web browser developed by Apple that is based on the WebKit engine. It was first released in 2003 with Mac OS X Panther; a mobile version has been included in iOS devices since the introduction of the iPhone in 2007. It is the default browser on all Apple devices. A Windows version is now discontinued but was available from 2007 to 2012.
Safari comes with fantastic features like:
- Support for HTML5 new input types
- Opening specially designed pages in full-screen mode
- Bookmarking links to particular pages as “Web Clip” icons on the Home screen
With all the above features the security is also very important to safeguard the data of the user who is using the browser. Let’s see some of the security tips and privacy settings that can be helpful to you:
- First to the “Safari” then choose “Preferences” option
- Now click the AutoFill tab
- On this tab, now select what types or kinds of forms your browser fills in automatically
- Next, you have to click the Security tab. Here the web content section allows you to enable or disable the various forms of scripting and active content
- Now select the Block pop-up windows checkbox
- Make sure you ask before sending a non-secure from to a secure website checkbox
- Next, you can disable cookies from the privacy tab
Keep your browsers safe and secure just by following few essential security tips.