Khajuraho is a tiny little town situated in the Bundelkhand region of Chhatarpur district in Madhya Pradesh, which comprises of famously groups of Hindu and Jain temples. The temples are a UNESCO world heritage site because of their amazing and extraordinary rock carvings. It is also called the Khajuraho group of monuments involving the hindu-jain temples.
Table of Contents
- 1 History of Khajuraho
- 2 Who built Khajuraho Temples?
- 3 Ibn Battuta and Khajuraho
- 4 Erotic Pictures of Khajuraho Temple
- 5 Best Time To Visit Khajuraho
History of Khajuraho
The temples are widely known for their Nagara style infrastructure and architecture recognitions and sensual sculptures. Mainly, the Khajuraho temples were built between the time of 950 and 1050 by the Chandela rajput dynasty. As per the ancient records books, the Khajuraho temple area had around eight five temples until the 12th century, which was laid around twenty square kilometers.
Moreover, now, of these temples only 25 have made survival, which are laid over six square kilometers. Out of the number of survived temples, the Kandariya Mahadev temple has been designed with combination of sculptures including minute detailing, representation and expression of historical Indian art. However, the set of Khajuraho temple were constructed together, but these were devoted to two religions, naming, Hinduism and Jainism, advising a traditional style of acceptance and courtesy for divine religious views amongst Hindus and Jain in the region. The Khajuraho monuments serve an area of about 620 kilometers’ southeast from New Delhi.
The Khajuraho town owns a population of twenty thousand people. The monument is regulated by the Civil Aerodrome Khajuraho (IATA Code: HJR), along with services to Delhi, Agra, Varanasi and Mumbai. The area is also linked with the Indian railway services, while the railways station is situated estimated six Kilometers from the entry to the monuments. The location of the monuments is around ten kilometers off the east-west National highway 75 and around fifty kilometers from the town city Chhatarpur , that is having a path to the state capital Bhopal by the SW-NE running National Highway 86.
Who built Khajuraho Temples?
One of the temples called Bhanda deva temple in Rajasthan was constructed in the tenth century keeping in mind the design of Khajuraho monuments and is likely known as the “Little Khajuraho”. The Khajuraho owns a serene background of Vindhya Range of hills, which makes the Khajuraho a beautiful destination to travel. Exploring the history of Khajuraho, The group of monuments was constructed when the Chandla dynasty used to rule the area. As soon as the power of the dynasty showed up, working of the building, process commenced, naming, and the kingdom as Bundelkhand. Almost all the temples were made during the period of Hindu kings Dhanga and Yashovarman.
The Laskhmana temple demonstrates the legacy of king Yashovarman, while Vishvanatha temple displays the legacy of king Dhanga’s. According to the inscribed engravings, the currently surviving temples were completed during the time of 970 and 1030 CE, meanwhile the other temples completed during the further ahead decades. The temples of Khajuraho were constructed around thirty five miles away from the medieval city of Mahoba which is rather known as the capital of Chandela dynasty , located in the Kalinjar region.
In the historic and middle ages literature, the kingdoms are referred to as Jijhoti, Jejahoti, Chih-chi-to and Jejakabhukti. Khajuraho was made in presence by the Persian historian Abu Rihan-al-Biruni who used to accompany Mahmud of Ghazni during his raid of Kalinjar in 1022 CE, and referring Khajuraho as the capital of Jajahuti. As the raid was not successful, and the peace was established, as and when the king of Hindu agreed to pay the amount of ransom to Mahmud of Ghazni, so that the attacks are terminated and they leave the place as soon as possible. In the end of the twelfth century, Khajuraho temples were in active. While, this varied in the thirteenth century, when the army of Delhi sultanate, was beneath rules of the Muslim sultan qutb-ud-din aibak, attacked and captivated the Chandela kingdom.
Ibn Battuta and Khajuraho
After one century, a Moroccan traveler, Ibn Battuta in his memory recalled of his stay in India from the period of 1335 to 1342 CE, stating a visit to Khajuraho temples, referring to them as “Kajarra”. Until the twelfth of century, the group of monuments was under the Hindu kings and included eight five temples in all. Moreover, captivating, central India by the Delhi sultanate in the thirteenth century. Many temples were damaged, under the rule of Muslims, and the half of them were left neglected. The ruins of some of the temples like Ghantai temples are still viewable.
Khajuraho temples contains statues that have been mangled by the Muslims, there live numerous yogis who own shaped locks, which have grown equal to the height of their bodies. In order to maintain their abstinence, they are all in the color yellow. Many Muslims take lessons from them in account to learn from (yoga) from them. The central Indian regions, where the groups of monuments of Khajuraho are present, are in the control of many distinct Muslim dynasties ranging from the thirteenth century to the eighteenth century. At this time period, various temples were isolated until a long period of time, when they were left denied. Since centuries, the vegetation and forests have rapidly grown in the temples here.
Erotic Pictures of Khajuraho Temple
As for the global recognition, the group of monuments gained it when in the year 1830 some Hindu localities, guided TS Burt a British surveyor to the temple and hence the temples were introduced to the globe all over by reinitiating them. In addition, years later, in the discovery of Alexander Cunningham it came into existence that temples were secretly used by yogis and in number thousands of Hindus arrive to the temples for pilgrimage at the festival of shivratri, which is celebrated once in a year in February or March as per the lunar calendar.
A famous painter, Maisey, used to draw drawings and sketches of Khajuraho temples. In the orientation of the temples, the main temple complex area depicts the old Hindu tradition of construction temples where the gods liked to play.
Best Time To Visit Khajuraho
The temples are engulfed across the water. The apparent water bodies involve the Sib sagar, Khajur sagar which is also known as the Ninora tal and Khudar nadi which is basically a river. The earliest localities suggest that the temple has 64 water bodies, out of which 56 have been known physically by the archaeologists. The climate of Khajuraho varies ranging from day to night temperatures with minimal amount of rainfalls with summers being 45 degree Celsius and winters 27 degree Celsius. Perfect time to visit the place is during March when the annual dance festival begins, that is from September to March. Indeed, Khajuraho’s art is a birth of essence of spirituality of Indian beauty, which is unquestionably a place to visit.