Statue of Zeus at Olympia :: Seven Wonders of the Ancient World

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The Statue of Zeus at Olympia is one of the classical Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. It was carved by the famed sculptor Phidias around 435 B.C.E. in Olympia, Greece. The statue was one of two masterpieces by the Greek sculptor Phidias and was placed in the huge Temple of Zeus at Olympia in western Greece with the height of almost 12 m (40 feet) high and plated with gold and ivory. In the ancient world, there were many temples dedicated to Zeus, the king of the Greek gods. But there was only one temple to Zeus that housed one of the seven wonders of the ancient world.

The statue was removed from the Temple of Zeus in c.392AD when it was taken by Greeks to Constantinople in order to save it. Unfortunately some sixty years on, a fire gutted Constantinople and took the Statue of Zeus with it, leaving no remains. The Temple of Zeus itself, however, remained standing even throughout the Christian Emperor Theodosius I of Rome’s reign. Today all that remains at the site of the Temple and Statue of Zeus in Olympia is a few of the temple’s thirteen magnificent pillars. The palace was destroyed by fire in 462 CE, and one of the seven wonders of the ancient world was unfortunately lost forever.

The seven wonders of the world were chosen by a Greek historian named Herodotus. One of these was the Statue of Zeus at Olympia. This particular wonder was chosen because of the wonderful sculpting of the statue. The others are

The Pyramids of Giza, were erected on a rocky plateau on the west bank of the Nile in northern Egypt and were connected, by covered causeways, to mortuary temples in the valley below the plateau. These temples had landing stages which were linked to the Nile by a canal. In ancient times they were included among the Seven Wonders of the World.

The Hanging gardens of Babylon, evoke evoke a romantic picture of lush greenery and colorful flowers cascading from the sky. The grandeur of their sight must have been awe-inspiring, which is why Herodotus would have considered them one of his Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. However, not only are the Hanging Gardens of Babylon not standing today, but their entire existence is debated.

The statue of Zeus at Olympia Greece, is Olympia is one of the classical Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. It was carved by the famed sculptor Phidias around 435 B.C.E. in Olympia, Greece.

The Temple of Artemis at Ephesus is considered one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. It was built in Ephesus (an ancient city), which today would be near Selcuk, Turkey. It had to be rebuilt at least three times due to fire, flood and a mob that was determined to destroy it. Each time it was rebuilt it became larger and even more beautiful and impressive.

 

The Mausoleum at Halicarnassus was built by Artemisia after her husband Mausolus died. Mausolus and Artemisia had ruled over Halicarnassus and the region surrounding it for 24 years. When Mausolus died in 353 BC, Artemisia was reported to have been so broken-hearted she hired the most talented artists to create the most magnificent tomb in the world. The finished tomb was 147 feet tall and sat on a hill overlooking Halicarnassus.

The colossus of Rhodes is part of the seven wonders because of its exemplary vastness. The Colossus of Rhodes is a statue that was built on the Greek island of Rhodes between 292 and 280 BC. The statue was a depiction of the Greek Titan Helios and was meant to celebrate their victory over the ruler of Cyprus in 305 BC. At 98.4 feet high, the Colossus of Rhodes was one of the tallest statues of the ancient world. It only stood for 56 years until it was destroyed by an earthquake in 226 BC.

The Pharos at Alexandria was constructed at the beginning of the 3rd century BCE, begun by Ptolemy Soter, the ruler of the Egyptian region after the death of Alexander the Great in 323 BCE. It was impressive in its construction and scale, and legends claim that its light (a reflective mirror) was visible in the harbor from 35 miles away.

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Abhishek Jain

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