Hampi, popularly known as the Group of monuments is defined the UNESCO World Heritage Site. Hampi is situated in central Karnataka in India. In the fourteenth century, the place became the middle of the Hindu Vijaynagara empire capital. According to the Persian and European tourists, especially the Portuguese, the state of Hampi was a prosperous, wealthy and a massive town city beside the Tungabhadra river, around various temples , farms and trading shops as per the chronicles left by them.
Until the 1500 CE, Hampi – Vijaynagara was declared the second greatest medieval period city after Beijing, and subsequently India’s wealthiest at that moment which allured traders from countries like Persia and Portugal. The Hampi state was in damages after the vijaynagar kingdom was lost by a coalition of Muslim people, further its capital was reckoned, pillaged and damaged again by the sultanate army people in the year 1565. Situated in the Karnataka around the modern era city of Hosapete, Hampi’s ruins are all across around forty one hundred hectares.
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By UNESCO the state has been referred to as an aesthetic , grand site which comprises of more than sixteen hundred remains of some of the last big Hindu kingdom which are in South India that involves forts , rumble and spiritual complexes , riverside characteristics , temples , shrines , pillared halls , mandapas , memorial buildings, water structures , and many other things.
The Vijaynagara Empire is ruled by Hampi, which witnesses the presence of ashokan epigraphy. Further it is also described in the Ramayana and the puranaas of the Hindu religion pot rayed as the pampaa devi tirtha kshetra. Hampi is constantly considered as a spiritual centre that is home to the Virupaksha temple, one of the active Adi Shankara connected monastery and many other structures relating to the ancient city. The state Hampi is constructed in the rock and roll ground. Traditionally, the Hampi state is called the Pampakshetra , Kishkindha-kshetra or the bhaskara-kshetra. The name Hampi is basically derived from the word Pampa which is actually the other name of the goddess parvati as per the Hindu theology.
Nevertheless, the Hampi site has some religious stories backed into it according to the great ancient mythologies. In the mythology, it is referred that, goddess parvati is highly keen on marrying the abstinent solitary Lord Shiva. However, parvati’s parents nods denial on marrying shiva and demotivate her. While, parvati is still rigorous on being lost in her desire to marry him.
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Lord Shiva is roaming in his own yogic meditation, being ignorant about the world. Parvati asks the gods to help her, in waking lord Shiva up from his meditation so that she is able to acquire his attention. Lord indra emits, god Kama who is the hind god of love, attraction, desire, erotica for awaking Shiva from his meditation. On reaching to him, Lord Kama darns an arrow of desire.
To which Lord Shiva opens up his third eye in his forehead and sets fire to Kama who turns into ashes. Even then, parvati does not lose her desires to win lord Shiva and stats to survive and exist like him with the same activities to allure him.
Shiva meets parvati in a double face manner and demoralizes her referring about Shiva’s bad habits and weaknesses. Although, she does not choose to listen to him and then finally Lord Shiva accepts her and marries her. The hemakuta hill, which is now inside Hampi, was the place where parvati used to allure Lord Shiva. The state Hampi was an ancient medieval period worshipping place called the Pampakshetra. Hampi’s non-obscurity came from the Hindu book Ramayana in the Kishkindha chapters. It owns number of similar interest to the place defined in the Hindu epics.
The local spiritual people believe that as per the Ramayana, it is the place, which attracts pilgrims from all over the world. The group of monuments ranges of so many temples inside it, which is why it is known as the Group of monuments.
The Hampi complex includes the virupaksha temple, the vitthala temple, Acchutaraya temple, hazara Rama, Hemkuta hill, laxmi narasimha, balakrishna temple. Some lesser-known facts about the Hampi complex are as follows:
- The vittala temple in Hampi is highly recognized for its amazing architectural style. The unique thing about the temple is that its pillars are musical that is it owns fifty-six melodic columns. And these columns are constructed with stones itself. The pillars are also called the Saregama pillars.
- In the virupaksha temple of Hampi, in the second tower, which is on the left side, there is a temple’s major confinement that is also widely referred to as the baby elephant. As one would give a coin to the elephant, the baby elephant collects it and kiss with the help of his trunk on the head of the visitor as a symbol of blessings by him.
- In the absolute front of Virupaksha temple, along the road that is one kilometer long, there is a Hampi bazaar. The toad is engulfed with a pair of old pavilions. The street road has mesmerizing views to look up to. There is wooden car in the bottom of the street. In addition, the street owns a Nandi statue, in the eastern part of the street, besides, which is a two-floor pictures museum.
- There is also a foodie Ganesha statue in there. The statue was conquered when once lord ganesha’s tummy was so full that it was about to get burst which made him tie his stomach with a snake. This is how the temple is made with his four hands in one of which is the goad, the other holding the broken tusk, the pasha that is also called the noose, and his favorite modaks.
Reading these interesting facts and exponential history about the Hampi temple complex will definitely want everyone and especially the travelers who crave history would want to go visit India’s beautiful heritage site complex. So hit up the Hampi temple complex now in your travel list.
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