Kashi Vishwanath Temple is one of twelve Jyotirlingas. This temple is situated in Varanasi since last thousands of years. Kashi Vishwanath Temple has a special importance in Hinduism. It is believed that once you visit this temple and take a dip in the holy Ganga, liberation is attained. It is said that Kashi is the city of three cities, which is situated on the trident of Lord Shiva. It has been remembered with many names like Anandavan, Anandakanan, Avuktak Sector and Kashi etc.
It is believed that when the earth was formed when the first ray of light was lying on the earth of Kashi. Since then Kashi is considered as the centre of knowledge and spirituality. It is also believed that after spending many years in exile, Lord Shiva came to this place and had lived in Kashi for some time. Brahma Ji welcomed him by sending ten horse chariots to Dashashwamedh Ghat.
The Story and History of Kashi Vishwanath
The story of the origin of Kashi Nagar and the fate of Lord Shiva being described in the Kashi section of Skanda Purana. Kashi is the beloved city of Lord Shiva. “Har Har Mahadev Ghar-Ghar Mahadev” is performed only for the “hail” Kashi. It is said that the desire to be two from one came to mind of Lord Shiva. He split himself into 2 forms. One called “Shiva” and the second “Shakti”. It is believed that Lord Shiva gave his vision to a devotee in his dream and said that after the bathing in Ganga he will get two Shivling and when he will connect those two Shivlings then he has to set up them, since then the Shiva and Shakti are there in form of God Shiva with mother Parvati.
Construction of Kashi Vishwanath Jyotirlinga
In the 17th century, Ahilyabai Holkar, the Queen of Indore, gave it a beautiful appearance. It is said that Lord Shiva came once in the dream of Rani Ahilya Bai Holkar. She was a devotee of Lord Shiva. So she built this temple in 1777. In 1835 AD, the Sikh King Ranjit Singh plated the temple’s peak with gold. Since then, this temple is also called Golden Temple. This temple was destroyed many times. The temple which is situated today was recreated for the fourth time. The famous businessman Todarmal, who came from Banaras in 1585 AD, built this temple. Even after Aurangzeb’s rule in 1669 AD, this temple was badly damaged.
Architecture of Kashi Vishwanath temple
Vishwanath temple situated on the Vishwanath Gali in the Gangetic coast is surrounded by many temples and Peeths. There is also a well here, which is called the ‘Gyanvapi’ (wisdom well), which lies in the north of the temple. There are a pavilion and sanctuary inside Vishwanath temple. Inside the sanctum, the Shivlinga which is 60-centimetres of height and 90 cm in circumference, is covered with silver. This Shivling is made of black stone. Although the inner complex of the temple is not so extensive, the atmosphere is completely “Shivamayam” and divine. There are four main gateways in terms of mechanism. Peace Door, Art Door, Reputation Door, Retirement Door. The mechanism of these four doors refers to different worlds. There is no such place in the whole world where Shiv Shakti is seated together. Jyotirlinga is present in the north corner in the sanctum sanctorum.
The glory of all-powerful and omnipotent Mokshadini Kashi is such that salvation is attained by giving up here. The person who donates in this area for the happiness of Shri Kashi Vishwanath, the Dharmatma also makes his life blessed. The Panchkrothi (Five Kos) is known only as a manifestation of a jyotirlinga known as Vishwanath. Being situated in Kashi, Lord Vishwanath is also present everywhere due to being omnipresent. Anyone who is unaware of the glory of that area or does not have reverence in it, yet when he enters the Kashi region or dies, he attains liberation. Kashi Vishwanath Jyotirlinga has two parts. In the right part, Mother Bhagwati is in the form of Shakti. On the other hand, Lord Shiva is in the left form (beautiful) form. That is why Kashi is called the liberation zone.
Pooja and Aarti Timings of Kashi Vishwanath
|1-a||3.00 A.M. to 4.00 A.M.||Mangala Aarti|
|1-b||3.00 A.M. to 4.00 A.M.||Mangala Aarti|
|1-c||3.00 A.M. to 4.00 A.M.||Mangala Aarti|
|1-d||3.00 A.M. to 4.00 A.M.||Mangala Aarti|
|1-e||11.15 A.M. to 12.20 P.M.||Bhog/Aarti|
|1-f||7.00 P.M. to 8.15 P.M.||Saptarshee|
|1-g||9.00 P.M. to 10.15P.M.||Night Shringar/Bhog Aarti|
|1-h||10.30 P.M. to 11 P.M.||Night Shayan Aarti|
How to reach Kashi Vishwanath Temple?
Varanasi Airport (VNS) is well connected with all major airports. Also known as Lal Bahadur Shastri International Airport is 18km away from the temple.
Varanasi is an important and major rail junction which is just 2kms away from the temple. Another station which 17km away from the temple is Mughal Sarai. The city is well-connected from all metros and major cities across the country. New Delhi, Mumbai, Calcutta, Chennai, the city has direct rail connections.
Varanasi is situated on NH2 from Calcutta to Delhi.
Best time to visit Vishwanath Mahadev
The best time to visit the temple is in winters (October – March) when the climate is pleasant to make sightseeing comfortable.